Image process to detect each phase within the system and extract the 3D root system and follow its time and space evolution.
Image process to detect each phase within the system and extract the 3D root system and follow its time and space evolution.
Soutenance

Thèse de Anselmucci Floriana

le 17 novembre 2020
15h00
Root-soil interaction: effects on soil microstructure
This PhD thesis presents an innovative experimental investigation on the mechanical response of sand to plant root growth. Root-soil interaction is investigated for two different root systems -- Maize and Chickpea -- and two different gradings of Hostun sand with two initial porosities.
 

An original protocol is developed aiming to create samples with repetitive initial nominal properties and representative of the natural interaction. Two experimental campaigns were run on a series of samples with different sands and plants. A 4D (3D+time) analysis of the interaction is carried out by using x-ray Computed Tomography. For each sample, an average of 7 x-rays scans is performed, from the day of the seed sowing up to 7-days-old root system. An image processing technique has been developed and it is applied to the 3D images resulting from the reconstrution of the x-ray scans. Through this image processing, the root system is identified, together with the sand grains and the water present in the system. Finally, a four-phased volume representative of the soil-root system can be defined for each state of the observed samples. Besides, from the 3D greyscale images of the samples, measurements of the kinematics of the system are obtained through local and discrete approaches of image correlation. Local sand porosity and deformations resulting from the four-phased volumes and the image correlations are detailed for one sample of each root-sand configuration.

Regarding the impact of the initial sand state on the root system development, the comparison of the different configurations shows, among other things, that the sand density plays a key role on the expansion of the root system, for both plant species. Concerning the sand response to the root growth, the strain tensor computed with image correlation shows that a root shears the soil while growing and the sheared zone is wider when the initial bulk density is lower.

This work focuses also on the determination of the sand volumetric response to root growth in the sheared zone and its dependency on the soil density. Sand response is purely dilatant for denser initial states, while the looser sand exhibits a contractant behaviour far from the root surface. Such a response is obtained in the case of both maize and chickpea. Moreover, the contractant behaviour induced by the shearing away from the root is con_rmed also for both sand granulometries in a looser state.

Jury

Monsieur Laurent OXARANGO - Professor, Universitè Grenoble Alpes, President
Monsieur Jean-Yves DELENNE - Research director, Inrae centre occitanie - Montpellier, Reviewer
Monsieur Alessandro TARANTINO - Professor, University of Strathclyde (UK), Reviewer
Monsieur Edward ANDÒ - Research Engineer, CNRS, Examiner
Monsieur Glyn BENGOUGH - Professor, University of Dundee (UK), Examiner
Madame Barbara MAZZOLAI - Research director, Italian Institute of Technology (Italy), Examiner
Monsieur Gioacchino VIGGIANI - Professor, Universitè Grenoble Alpes, Invited
Monsieur Luc SIBILLE - Maitre de conference, Universitè Grenoble Alpes, Thesis Advisor
Madame Chloé ARSON - Associate Professor, Georgia Institute of Technology (USA), Thesis Co-advisor

Localisation

Galilée room 003
Mis à jour le 27 novembre 2020